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ESTABLISHMENT OF AN AGENCY FOR REPORTING AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS (EARAS)
Land Use Statistics - Land Utilization Pattern (13 way classification)
Area Statistics - Area of crops, Irrigation Particulars of crops
As a regular scheme, Government of India is issuing Administrative Approval for the implementation of the scheme in the state during the beginning period of each financial year. Accordingly Government of India has issued administrative sanction for the implementation of the scheme in the state for the year 2010-11.Apart from conducting the regular sample surveys under the EARAS scheme viz Area enumeration survey and General crop estimation Survey, Statistical Investigators working under the scheme is also engaged the following works
1. Providing Mean Yield of selected Crops for crop Insurance scheme being implemented by the National agriculture Insurance Company
Economics and Statistics department providing the mean Yield of Seven crops (seasonal and Annual) to the National agriculture Insurance Company in connection with the implementation of the Crop Insurance scheme in the state. Statistical Investigators working under the EARAS scheme is conducting additional crop cutting experiment of selected crops for Crop Insurance For this purpose 16 crop cutting experiment for each crop has to be conducted in each block.
2. Advance Estimation of area and Production of crops
The Statistical Investigators are also responsible for the preparation of the Advance Estimate and Forecast reports on crops for providing data to the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, Government of India. Department of Economics and Statistics is providing Four Advance Estimates of area and Production of principal crops during an Agriculture Year.
3. Collection of agriculture statistics under Food Security Scheme
The Scheme for Improvement of Crop Statistics (ICS)
The scheme for ICS, which had a modest beginning in the year 1973-74, reached to the optimum coverage in subsequent years as indicated in Table-5. Since then, the scale of sample checks has been more or less stabilized. During 2001-2002, the scheme was under implementation in 22 States and Uts including EARAS States of Kerala, Orissa and West Bengal. In all the States, the checks were carried out by both the agencies except in Delhi where the work was taken up only in the Central Samples. The work of checking up of crop abstract statements suspended in central sample in 1993-94 was revised in 1999-2000, in West Bengal, the work is not prescribed under ICS.
The scheme accomplishes its objectives by conducting sample checks on the primary field work through:-
The Sample checks are undertaken by the supervisory staff of NSSO (FOD) and of the State Government on a matching basis in two non-overlapping samples. The basic data collected through these checks are exchanged between the two agencies.
Three schedules viz. AS.1.0, AS.1.1 and AS.2.0 for recording the findings of the sample check on (a) enumeration of area in a village (b) aggregation of area and (c) the crop cutting experiments respectively, are designed to be filled in by the supervisory staff of central (NSSO-FOD) and State agencies after doing sample checks. The filled-in schedules are sent to both the agencies on reciprocal basis for tabulation and analysis. The NSSO is responsible for all aspects of the scheme right from the primary stage of preparation of survey design and selection of sample units and field work to data processing and report writing.
The concurrent inspection of crop cutting experiments at harvest stage consists of examining whether the conduct of the experiments by the state primary workers conforms to the procedures prescribed under the GCES. The inspection covers such aspects as the selection of files and random coordinates, marking of experimental plots of specified size, harvesting of plants, weighment of the produce etc. In addition, the position regarding the supply and use of equipments for conducting the experiments, training received by primary workers, crop conditions, use of inputs etc. is also ascertained.
The data collected through the sample check programme under the scheme for ICS are analyzed facilitating factual appraisal of the state systems with reference to the following.
Timeliness in completion of area enumeration and working of the Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS).
Discrepancies in recording crop and crop areas, their frequency and impact.
Discrepancies in recording ancillary information, their frequency and impact.
Discrepancies in crop abstract statements and their impact.
Departures from the prescribed procedure for conducting crop cutting experiments and their impact.
The yield data from the supervised experiments are also made use of for obtaining the average yield rates of specified crops and their standard errors. These estimates are forwarded to the Ministry of Agriculture. They serve as one of the sources for preparation of advance estimates of crop production.
Two features introduced later in the ICS programme are (a) sample checks of aggregation of area figures above village level (b) District Level Committee consisting of representatives of the Central and State Governments to probe into the reasons for differences between the entries of the supervisor and primary worker in area enumeration.